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Who Invented the Game of Poker?

Diverse poker playing styles have created because of long and drawn out poker games, regardless of whether on the web or in genuine gambling clubs. It takes understanding to have the option to recognize the diverse player types in poker, from tight to forceful, free, and latent, yet the more rounds of poker you take an interest in, the better you will become at perusing different players.

What kinds of poker player are there?

There are four sorts of poker playing styles: tight forceful, tight inactive, free forceful, and free aloof, and every one of these player types in poker games will utilize an alternate procedure to attempt to win.

What does tight mean in poker games?

Players who are classed as tight are the individuals who only here and there start a call. A tight forceful player will possibly play a hand on the off chance that they have great cards, and when they do play, they will in general be cara deposit pulsa pokerbo forceful and raise the wager. A tight inactive player likewise never hazards playing except if they have a phenomenal hand, however they are less forceful in their playing style.

What does free mean in poker games?

Players classed as free latent tend to play the vast majority of their hands, regardless of whether they hold great cards or not. This is frequently how novice poker players lead their games, which makes them simple to beat. Free forceful players play forcefully regardless of what cards they have. They are hard to peruse as you will discover it basically difficult to figure whether they hold a solid hand.

Figuring out how to perceive the distinctive poker playing styles will give you an immense favorable position. To succeed at poker, you need understanding, persistence, and sharp perception aptitudes. When you can perceive the different playing styles in poker games, you can utilize this information to further your potential benefit as it will assist you with making a decision about how the game is advancing and whether you have to modify your style of playing to amplify your odds of winning.

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Menang Poker Online Dengan Mudah

Ingin tahu bagaimanamenang poker onine dengan mudah ?Bermain game poker memiliki banyak manfaat. Game berbasis online ini dapat melatih kesabaran penggunanya. Sesama pemain dari berbagai daerahakan saling bertemu. dan game poker ini mengharuskan setiap pemainnya untuk berfikir, dari mulai strategi menghadapi lawan,mempelajari kombinasi kartu yang didapat hingga mencari kelemahan dari lawan-lawannya. Dan secara tidak langsung otak para pemain akan terlatih untuk berpikir sehingga dapat memperkuat daya ingat pemain. Tidak hanya bermanfaat, game menang poker online ini juga menarik banyak peminat dikarenakan tergiur atas penawaran keuntungan maupun bonus menarik yang di tawarkan. Permainan ini juga membutuhkan kesabaran tersendiri  dikarenakan menghadapi karakter yang berbeda. Seperti halnya dengan poker1001 android ini.

 

Bermain tenang

Bermain dengan kepala dingin akan memberikan pengaruh yang cukup baik bagi kalian yang ingin memainkan permainan ini. karena permainan ini juga mengandalkan kemampuan otak para pemainnya. Maka dari it, sangat disarankan bagi kalian yang ingin bermain permainan ini untuk bisa sabar dan mengatur emosi, karena bermain dalam keadaan yang tidak baik maupun emosi dapat menyebabkan penurunan kualitas permainan. Jaga perasaan agar tetap dalam kondisi baik dan tenang.

 

Mengambil keputusan dengan tepat

Terkadang pemain pemula akansembarangan dalam mengambil keputusan. Namun hal tersebut adalah salah. Pemain harus mengambil langkah dan dengan perhitungan yang pas. Karena mengambil keputusan dengan sembarangan juga akan mempengaruhi kualitas permainan kalian. Langkah yang kalian ambil merupakan penentuan nasib permainan kalian kedepan. Jadi pikirkan dengan baik sesuai perhitungan yang matang sehingga dapat menghasilkan hasil yang maksimal pula. Pengambilan keputusan yang tepat juga dipengaruhi dari kondisi emosional seseorang. Harus sesuai kebutuhan dan tepat sasaran. Tidak bisa mengambil keputusan secara terburu- buru karena hal ini akan sangat tidak efisien dan berpengaruh pada hasil permainan kalian. Ikuti kata hati dan pilihan yang tepat untuk menentukan pilihan. Jangan terkecoh dengan permainan lawan atau pun hal-hal lain yang dapat mengganggu konsentrasi kalian.

 

Istirahat yang cukup

Istirahat yang cukup bagi pemain juga hal yang penting. Dikarenakan permainan kalian juga dipengaruhi dari kondisi fisik yang baik. Jika kalian dalam keadaan lelah, maka pikiran pun juga akan lelah, dan kalian akan kesulitan dalam berfikir dan membuat kalian sulit dalam mengambil keputusan yang jernih. Istirahat yang cukup agar kesehatan dan daya tubuh  baik sehingga dapat bermain secara maksimal dari segi manapun.

 

Jangan Bertaruh besar saat awal permainan

Salah satu dari kesalahan para pemula adalah bermain diluar aturan. Seperti misalnya, Bertaruh besar diawali dengan bermodalkan nilai kartu yang tinggi. Dan justru ini akan sangat berbahaya bagi pemain pemula.  Karena permainan poker ini memiliki potensi kalah hingga akhir kartu terbuka. Nilai kartu yang tinggi bukanlah jaminan kalian memenangkan permainan ini. jadi diperlukan pemikiran panjang untuk menentukan sebuah pilihan dalam permainan ini. karena jika kalian salah dalam mengambil keputusan dapat berakibat fatal dan membuat kemungkinan kalian menang poker onlinesemakin menurun.

Beberapa hal tersebut merupakan hal-hal yang perlu diperhatikan oleh pemain untuk menang poker online dengan mudah. Sebab dalam permainan ini tidak hanya soal factor keberuntungan. Namun juga pengaruh dari pengambilan keputusan yang tepat dan juga kemampuan bermain yang dapat mempengaruhi permainan kalian. Selamat bermain.

Gambling Addiction – Betting on Your Health

Gambling is big business in America. Every year, it earns the gaming industry billions of dollars in net revenue. We spend more money each year on legal gambling than on movie tickets, recorded music, theme parks, spectator sports, and video games combined. Lots of people gamble. But some people can’t stop – no matter what the cost.

Gambling addiction, also known as compulsive gambling, is a type of impulse-control disorder. Compulsive gamblers can’t control the impulse to gamble, even when they know their gambling is hurting themselves or their loved ones. Pathological gambling has been recognized as a major addiction illness, similar in many ways to the chemical dependency of cocaine.

What’s the real issue?

Problem gambling isn’t just a financial concern. It is an emotional problem that has financial consequences. If you pay all of a problem gambler’s debts, the person will still be a problem gambler. The frequency of a person’s gambling does not determine whether or not they have a gambling problem. Even if they go on only one gambling binge a year, they can still hurt themselves and their families.

Symptoms

The National Council on Problem Gambling recommends that gamblers who suspect they might have a problem, to ask themselves these questions:

1. Have you often gambled longer than you had planned?

2. Have you often gambled until your last dollar was gone?

3. Have thoughts of gambling have caused you to lose sleep?

4. Have you used your income or savings to gamble while letting bills go unpaid?

5. Have you made repeated, unsuccessful attempts to stop gambling?

6. Have you broken the law or considered breaking the law to finance your gambling?

7. Have you borrowed money to finance your gambling?

8. Have you felt depressed or suicidal because of your gambling losses?

9. Have you been remorseful after gambling?

10. Have you gambled to get money to meet your financial obligations?

If you answer yes to more than one question, you may have a problem. Get treatment.

Movie Genres Simplify Online Browsing

We movie lovers are always on the hunt for our next newfound film gem to rent online. We’re also eager to scope out the most plausible 123 movies free candidate for our next successful theater experience.

Other times we’re comparing movie market sale prices to lock down a film favorite we personally crave for our video libraries. Then some of us are simply shopping for a specific movie for loved ones as a gift for birthdays, holidays or even as a surprise.

Of course, everyone has individual tastes in films and if you’re like me, you’ve paid theater admission or rented a movie more than once simply because a movie going comrade, whose opinion you trust, suggested it in the first place. Generally I prefer word-of-mouth promotions over the conventional movie industry previews, which are designed excite your movie craving and have you attending any premier whether it’s personally worth your while or not.

Fortunately the overwhelming majorities of personally recommended movies I’ve watched have delivered the goods and were very satisfying. But once in a while I’ve been subjected to a movie I disliked so much that I felt like I got mugged after putting my money down.

Of course movie rental companies and movie theaters never rob anyone; they simply rent you whatever movie you’ve selected from their stock or what’s currently scheduled to debut for their silver screens. It’s always up to the customer to beware; it’s our prerogative to invest whatever precious time and money we wish in hopes of enjoying a good movie.

And we movie buffs aren’t alone when we crave a good film. There are many online websites that are dedicated to presenting as much factual information about certain movie plots and current movie sales availability. They can focus on several popular movie genres while consistently upgrading their databases to compliment the supporting ranks of the ever-expanding movie industry.

And because we movie lovers have opinions like everyone else, it’s easy to find and interact with editorial comments about specific films written in concise summaries. Some of the more thorough websites can focus on films by genre and even the year they were made or released for quick and easy references.

Many websites carry Internet links to reputable companies that sell the movies I suspect you’re already shopping for. I encourage you to check out as many movie summary and sales links as you can. Then dive in on the most attractive examples and see how you like the water.

Perusing movie websites that cater to specific genres including Comedy, Romance, Fantasy, Western, Drama, Horror, Science Fiction and even Film Noir will yield the best and quickest results. As a fellow movie lover, I hope this information proves useful.

William F. Johnson resides in St. Helens, Oregon. He enjoys chess, books and is an avid movie collector with over 700 titles in his personal library. He is also a member of the Elks Lodge and has written a pair of

How to Buy Car Parts Online and Save Money

When you need new parts or new used parts for your vehicle, you can save a ton when you buy online. I come from a long family line of mechanics and auto enthusiasts and they’ve learned the ins and outs of getting affordable car parts.

All you really need to buy car parts online is an Internet connection and a credit card or PayPal account. The Internet is widely used today as a mode of communication and it’s also an excellent tool to get access to more of what you need and want. In the past, it was difficult to get car parts from outside of your area. You would have to have connections or have someone to order them for you such as through a car lot, dealership or repair shop.

Today you can cut out the middle man thus reducing the middle man fees. Using the Internet also allows you to find the parts that you need even if they are not in your local area. It also opens you up to new methods of communication to help you find specific parts you might be looking for.

There are literally hundreds of car part dealers out there that you can find on the Internet. You can search for the exact parts you need according to model numbers and vehicle types. This makes it easier than ever before to find exactly the car parts you need at the click of a button.

Because you are typically ordering straight from the dealership or the manufacturer, you can get incredible savings. The savings are passed on to you when you buy direct from the source of the part.

While there are many benefits to buying car parts online, there are some cautions to be aware of, like with anything. Always be sure you know who you are buying from and that they are a reputable dealer. You also want to be salvage auto parts sure you are aware of any warranties and return policies that may be in effect for the items that you plan to purchase.

There are some cases where you will not be able to return the parts that you purchase online for your car so always be sure you know the fine print when you make your purchase. Buying car parts online gives you more opportunity to get what you need and save a buck or two in the process. Those savings then carry on to other things you want to be spending your money on.

Sports Betting Is Your Worst Enemy. 7 Ways To Defeat It

In the world of sports betting, there can be many unwise bets. Unfortunately, some of these bets are simply sucker bets. What are sucker bets? We call them “sucker bets” when the bets placed make the bettor appears to be the sucker. In other words, the favor is so much in favor of the bookmaker or the house that it is almost impossible to win! But if a miracle does happen, the winnings can be huge. Let’s take a look at some of the sucker betting scenarios.

Example 1: Betting on parlay.

A parlay bet is when the bettor likes a number of teams, and would like to bet on all these teams winning. When that happens, the bettor can win a lot more, but the odds are extremely low. Bookmakers like to see bettors making parlay bets because it just takes one team to lose, and there goes their money. For this reason, many parlay bets are also known as sucker bets.

Example 2: Betting on teasers.

Teasers are in a way, similar to parlay. The bettor can also choose from a combination of teams to bet on. There can be as many as ten teams in the combination, but there must be at least two teams. Most bettors can’t even win when they just choose two or three teams. Like parlay bets, all teams must win. If any team loses, 토토사이트 the bet is lost. But unlike the parlay, the bettor has the option of moving the spreads.

Teaser bets are known as “teasers” for a reason. They are meant to tease the bettors, and make them believe that they can win big. Unfortunately, most just turn out to the sucker bets.

Example 3: Betting based on free betting advice.

There are a plethora of sportsbook online that offer free betting advice. Sometimes, the tip looks too good to be true, and bettors can’t resist the temptation of winning big. So they place bets without looking further into the teams. Don’t be too gullible and place bets without looking. Do your own research and try not to bet on teams that you are not familiar with.

Example 4: Betting on hot favorites.

The entire world could be rooting for a hot favorite. That makes the bookmakers happy. Hot favorites mean that the world thinks this team has the greatest chance of winning the game. Never mind if the analysis is flawed or the prediction unrealistic. What matters is that the more people bet on a team, the lower the odds. Sometimes, the odds can be so low that it just isn’t worth placing good money on the team. For instance, for every $10 placed on the team, the bettor stands to win $4. That means the bettor has to place a bet of $1,000 in order to win $400.

What Are The Essentials Of Mobile Game Development?

The high inclination of the next generation towards mobile and game app has raised immense opportunity which entrepreneurs are perfectly tapping, and the new game apps are launched in the market daily.

The mobile game development has gone mainstream with the unprecedented success of some of the games like- candy crush saga, angry birds, the clash of clans, and dragons. The apps are not just catching more eyeballs, while it has become a lucrative business that’s generating a million dollars in revenue.

The winning outcomes are not because the businesses have realized the tremendous potential, but the range of mobile game development tools has also made the equal contribution. The advanced tools have shortened the learning LEGO Light Kit curve and made the game development a breeze.

Still, the story is not over.

The reason is if you have come up with a great game app idea, and hired the best mobile game developers team to shape the app idea into reality, doesn’t mean your app will score high on target audience and top the app store charts. To make the excellent game app, there are a few suggestions, game engines and principles in regards to game development that you should consider.

If you feel the urge to create an amazing game experience via a unique game application, stay focused till the end:

(1) Be choosy for the game genre

Over the last decade, the game app industry has evolved and the wide spectrum of games of various genres like- puzzle, scary, casino, racing, card, education, celebrity and pretty more are built. Besides, the game apps are developed using different technologies like- virtual reality and augmented reality to introduce uniqueness in the app.

So, at first decide what’s the genre of the game app you are about to build and then find out the challenges to face when the app development begin. Try to build the game of the genre that’s highly in demand in the market that inch the app closer to success. Also, it gives a rough idea of how much the app will cost to you and how much time it takes to market the app.

Acrylic Sign Holders Can Make Your Real Estate Office Stand Out

So you have your very own real estate office. Good for you! Now all you need to do is make it look different, more inviting and more professional looking than all of the other real estate offices on your block. How do you do it, you ask? There are several ways to achieve this goal actually. You can fill it with expensive leather couches, fragrant bouquets of orchids and lilies or even hire an interior designer to make it look truly spectacular. Well, you could if you were a millionaire. If your not, however, one of the best, most convenient and cost effective ways is to use acrylic sign holders to achieve a clean and professional look.

Why acrylic? Clear acrylic sign holders are always up to date, easy to install and maintain and are what every business needs to stand out and look like a company worth doing business with. They come in a variety of sizes so they help to meet all of your business sign needs. The best part about them is that they keep your signs clean and if they get a little dusty or something spills on them, they are easy to wipe down with a damp cloth or dust with a dry rag.

Acrylic sign holders can be an affordable and easy way to spruce up an office and make it more appealing to the public. There are many different kinds of sign holders that you can get for your workplace including window sign holders that stick to the glass, business card holders for your desk or reception counter, wall poster holders and countertop acrylic sign holders. They are perfect for real estate offices because your listings are always changing and you will need something that is not permanent. Acrylic sign holders make it easy to change your listings on display as often as you make a deal.

The window sign holders can be any size from large posters to small letter sized ones. They tend to have suction cups on them which make it easy to apply and remove from your work place windows so that no matter how little time you have to squeeze in updating your office, you’ll always be able to pull it off. Poster sized ones are good to put in large windows to advertise slogans or special features. Smaller Acrylic Poster Stand ones can be used to carry listings of individual properties or to post your office hours.

Clear acrylic business card holders are simple and never go out of date. They keep your business cards neat and organized and always at hand when you need them. They are simple enough that they won’t distract from the business card itself. Wall poster holders are much like the large window sign holders, but they can update an empty wall space into advertising. The acrylic countertop sign holders usually come in a standard 8.5 by 11 size and can stand alone on any flat surface. They are perfect to keep on your desk to showcase a “feature property” or your policies for everyone to see. Another great thing about them is that they don’t take up much desk or counter space which is always a good thing!

So acrylic is definitely the way to go if you are looking to make your real estate office stand out. It’s affordable, up-to-date and easily maintained. Acrylic sign holders can quickly transform your office into an office that is inviting, attractive and a place where everyone wants to be.

Home Building Costs

Home building costs can often be a challenge to control when you’ve got so many variables in the building or remodeling project. You can avoid overages or, at least, keep them at a minimum if you are armed with some valuable advice.

When planning your build, pad your budget with a 15 percent Contingency Fund. This fund will enable you to pay for overages you have no control over, like unknowns behind walls and ceilings and problems found once excavation commences.

You may not be able to avoid all of them, but you can certainly keep overages under a certain บริษัทรับสร้างบ้าน amount of control if you consider the following tips and tricks.

Home Size, Style and Shape –

If you are building your dream home, these are three of the most significant factors that contribute to your bottom line – size, style and shape.

* As a rule, size your home in increments of two feet in order to reduce wasted material. In addition, industry experts advise that your home be built no deeper than 32 feet in order to eliminate the need for custom-made trusses. This will also reduce your expenses.

* Typically, the cost to build a multi-story home is less than building a ranch home with equivalent square footage. Multi-level homes have smaller roofs and foundations, and plumbing and ventilation are built more compact. Roofs and foundations can be quite expensive when building a ranch with equal square footage.

* The cost and need for labor and materials will increase the more corners and angles you build into the home, so you’ll want to consider the shape when building your initial plan. A square or rectangular home costs less to build than homes with others shapes – e.g. L-shaped, round, octagonal, etc.

Before You Begin – Plan

* Plan your buildings costs. Take time to put your plan on paper.

* Itemize every activity you think will be involved in the project and every product you think you’ll have to purchase to complete it.

* Visit home improvement stores and obtain pricing for all items you believe you’ll need.

* Add all your projected expenses up and include the total in your budget.

Before You Sign – Specify

* Make sure you have an architectural plan or very specific drawing and measurements of your new build to eliminate as much gray area as possible.

* If you want specific products to be used in the build, state your requirements to the contractor and make sure that they are included in the contract for bid before signing.

* If you expect granite countertops, but only state high-end countertops, you can’t expect your contractor to accommodate your request. You must be specific.

* Make sure language is included to reflect that all building permits will be obtained by your contractor.

* Make sure language is included in the contract that requires the contractor to be responsible for all costs associated with removal of demolition performed in the project.

Before Work Begins –

* If the contractor you use is reputable, he should obtain the appropriate permits with local authorities.

* Don’t let the project proceed until you know that all permits have been obtained and are posted where required.

Contractor Change Orders – Beware

* This is the primary reason that projects experience overruns.

* A change order typically increases the cost of your build. If you agree to the change order and the associated expense, you are responsible to pay for it.

* If the change order is an expense incurred due to the contractor creating it, then you should not agree nor should you be held responsible for the cost – i.e., contractor accidentally tears down a wall not in the original bid or causes damage to your property while working the project.

* Be aware of your contract and the condition of your project along the way, so that you will immediately notice issues that come up for which the contractor should be responsible.

* Keep in mind that some change orders may require local officials to revisit the project to approve modifications.

Most Common Milestones for Overruns

Historically, there are two most common milestones when your building project will experience an overrun if building a new home or adding on a new room to your existing home.

Card Games

Card Games: Magical in Approach and Great Fun

Adults find it a great fun and children tempts to play it…Card Games! Those who play it, swear by its name and those who haven’t yet tasted its addiction lookup for different ways to play and avoid it. In every household a standard deck containing 52 cards is a must have. Each card has two sides- face and back. The back of the cards are indistinguishable but the faces are distinguishable and are unique. The deck has four suits like clubs, diamonds, heart and spade and thirteen ranks from deuce, jack to queen, king, ace.

For playing card games, primarily cards are distributed amongst the players either clockwise or anticlockwise. One player is chosen to deal and shuffles all the cards properly. The dealer then deals the cards. All the cards face down and distributed one-by-one removing from the top of it. Then each player pick the cards and hold in such a way that its faces can be seen only by the holder and prevent other players from seeing it. Just with set of 52 cards numberless games can be played. There are different types of card games like-

Trick-taking Games-

This game includes both psychological and mathematical elements. It has several rounds and is divided into different units called tricks. Barbu, Belata, Black Lady, Pook, Tarot, 304, Wizard etc.

Rummy-style games:

In it groups of matching cards are played before the opponent. Some of the games derived from Rummy are Anarchy, Doofer, Dummy Rummy, Mah Jongg, Phase 10.

Casino or Gambling Cards:

It gives the impression of Las-Vegas style gambling and is most popular form amongst all types of card games. Some of its popular world of solitaire games are Blackjack, Acey Deucey, Baccarat, Bingo, Caribbean stud poker, Texas hold ’em and lots more.

Some other types are Solitaire, Shedding, Accumulating, Fishing, Drinking, Multi-genre, Collectible and Fictional card Games.

Card games arouses curiosity and are simply magical. With the availability of online card games by several sites, its appeal and reach and escalated to manifolds and anyone can free download it and play it anytime, anywhere for numerous hours.

Slacker’s Guide To Click Funnel

What is a Funnel and How Do They Work?

When the word funnel is mentioned I usually visualize a car with the hood opened and an oil funnel in the picture. I’m not the only one, I know because a number of people have asked me to explain what a marketing funnel is. The subject gets many confused and a bit discouraged but it need not be so.

A marketing funnel is really very simple and some make it more complicated than it needs to be. Actually, the best and most successful funnels have only 3 steps and are very simple. The more steps that are added leave a better chance that the viewer will not finish the process designed to get them to a certain end result.

The end result, or goal, of the funnel, can be a number of things including a sale, an opt-in, a phone call, a sign-up, or lead. These are called conversions and are the end result of the funnel.

A website is a funnel even if someone clickfunnels stripe coupon doesn’t understand just what a marketing funnel is. Someone sets up their site with the intentions of drawing traffic to their site for a specific purpose, let’s say to purchase a product. They might see an advertisement ad on another site and click on it to get to the someone’s site. The visitor reads some of the website content and clicks to go to the next step or to make a purchase.

That’s typical of a sales funnel and sounds really simple, right? There are said to be over 2 billion viewers online and any website owner would love to get as much of that traffic coming to their site as possible.

Through various outreach campaigns on social media sites and forums, articles written, podcast, videos made, or a webinar, the site owner draws traffic into the funnel that travels through the website page and a percentage will click to proceed and the rest will move onto something else.

That is how simple a funnel is and as mentioned, the end result or goal can be to get an email address, get the visitor to click something, or to make a purchase, each is considered a conversion.

There are funnels that have more steps depending on what the design of the funnel is for the visitor but the fewer steps get better results.

How do they work?

Think of yourself as a tour guide leading visitors onto and through your website and leading them where you would like them to go and to do what you would like them to do. The site owner tries to direct them to click here or go there and see a great product that will enrich their lives in one way or another.

So website owners are like tour guides on their own websites and it’s best that they understand drawing viewers into a funnel, their website, and being a tour guide leading them to the goal, or point of conversion with every page.

The Components and Tools Needed for a Funnel

The very first thing needed for a funnel is an idea. An idea could be for a video, a blog post, podcast, audiobook, a presentation, a free offer, or a webinar.

Another thing that’s needed is a desired goal or end result, whether it be a sign-up, a sale or something else. Then figure out how to get the desired end results starting from the idea.

Figure out what you want your site visitors to do. What’s the purpose of the site? Determine what your funnels end result is and then you can design the pathway toward the end result.

Resume Fraud – Fake Educational Qualifications

Being a HR professional in today’s business environment is not easy. Along with other challenges that come their way, the one at the core of their responsibilities is staffing. Finding the right person (with the right qualifications, skills and experience), to fill a vacancy in quick time, is always a tough ask.

A basic element of every job application is education. Upon this is built a person’s professional profile. It is here that a major portion of the resume fraud occurs. Studies have shown 41% of job applicants are untruthful about their educational achievements. Another survey reveals that 20% of applicants actually concocted fake degrees. lam bang dai hoc Many of these fraudulent degrees were manufactured and supplied by “diploma factories.”

A Google search will bring up thousands of sites that openly advertise their wares. These suppliers offer phony (but real looking) diplomas and degrees. They will doctor the ‘genuine’ fake degree of any institution with dates and period of study to buyer’s requirements. They will also provide everything including grades in specific subjects.

Research done in the US brought up over 300 sites. They are making good money because the fake degree industry is estimated to have made over $500 million in the last year. The University Grants Commission (UGC), India has a list of 21 fake universities. That means that there are a lot of unqualified people out there.

Diploma Mills are another threat area. The UGC has a list of ‘known’ diploma mills. A cursory check on the Internet will reveal many, many more. Guess-estimates abound (both in India and abroad) but no one has an exact number on this whole phenomenon. Such is the brazenness of many of these “diploma mills” they now provide toll-free phone numbers should prospective employers call to verify and check the degrees of their clients.

In India the education verification process is complicated by the sheer number of universities that exist in the country. There are 504 universities of all dispensations – including state, private, central and deemed universities. In this scenario figuring out whether a job applicant’s degree is genuine is a major headache for any HR executive.

Genuine qualifications are the basic building blocks for job aspirants. No company can afford to have inadequately qualified employees. They are a risk to the well-being, sustainability and success of the company. Thorough and robust background screening of employees, both existing and prospective, is a major pre-requisite for any business.